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The two most traumatic experiences in the nation's history were the Civil War (1861-65) and the Great Depression of the 1930s. Buoyed by victories in World Wars I and II and the end of the Cold War in 1991, the US remains the world's most powerful nation-state.

The economy is marked by steady growth, low unemployment and inflation, and rapid advances in technology. Major US Cities: Chicago (pop. Capital Cities The most populated Cities in the U.

Government: Type: Constitution-based federal republic Independence: 4 July 1776 (from Great Britain) Declaration of Independence Constitution: 17 September 1787, effective 4 March 1789. Geography: Location: North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean in the east and the North Pacific Ocean in the west, between Canada and Mexico.

Climate: Mostly temperate, tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska. People: Nationality: American(s) Population: 330 million people (in 2021) Ethnic groups: white 77.

Exports - commodities: agricultural products (soybeans, fruit, corn) 9. Official Sites of the US East facade of the most famous capitol building in the world. The US Capitol was initially designed by amateur architect Dr. William Thornton, a British-American physician. Image: Martin Falbisoner Political System of the United States The United States is a federal union of 50 states. Its political system is based on the Constitution of 1787.

Ideas of the Enlightenment such as liberty, progress, toleration, fraternity, constitutional government, and separation of church and state were incorporated into the US constitution.

The constitution guarantees political control of the government through the separation of powers between its three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. The separation of powers is known as checks and balances and was introduced to ensure that no government branch has too much power. Each state, regardless of its population, sends two senators to the Senate.

Since the American Civil War, two political parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party, have been the most important actors in American politics. Government Note: External links will open in a new browser window. The White House Office of Joe Biden, President of the United States, and Kamala Harris, Vice President. The legislative branch of the federal government of the United States consists of the Congress, which is divided into two chambers: U.

House of Representatives and the U. State Department The U. Diplomatic Missions United States Mission to the United Nations U. Representative to the United Nations, the USA is one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council. Embassies around the world U. Foreign Embassies in the U. S List of Foreign Embassies in the U. The United States Supreme Court The US Supreme Court is part of the Judicial Branch. Federal Bureau of Investigation - FBI The principal investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice.

States Official websites of the 50 U. Bureau of the Census The United States in figures. General Map of the USA Reference map of the Contiguous United States. Blank Map of the USA Free map with national and states borders. Maps of the US States Maps of all 50 US States.

Map of US Time Zones Map showing the Time Zones of the United States and the actual time in the different time zones. Google Earth Map of the United States Searchable map and satellite view of the United States. Google Earth Map of Washington D. Searchable map and satellite view of the capital city of the United States. Google Earth Map of New York City Searchable map and satellite view of New York City. More Google Earth U. City Maps Map of North America Reference Map of North America.

United States News US newspapers frontpages List of online news from the US Boston Globe American daily newspaper based in Boston, Massachusetts.

Chicago Tribune A daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois. The Hill US website based in Washington, D. Houston Chronicle The largest daily newspaper in Houston, Texas. Newsday A center-left American daily newspaper sold on Long Island and throughout New York's metropolitan area.

New York Daily News Stylized "Daily News," a newspaper based in New York City. New York Post Daily tabloid, primarily distributed in New York City. New York Times The New York Times online. Mother Jones MoJo is an left-leaning American magazine that focuses on news, commentary, and investigative reporting Roll Call The newspaper of Capitol Hill, Washington D.

San Jose Mercury News The Merc is a daily newspaper published in San Jose, California. Star Tribune The largest newspaper in Minnesota. Tampa Bay Times Pulitzer prized newspaper published in St. USA Today American daily newspaper. The Wall Street Journal Business-focused international daily newspaper. Washington Post The Washington Post is the most widely circulated newspaper published in Washington, D.

More American Newspapers News Magazines Newsweek American weekly news magazine published in New York City, founded in 1933. Time Magazine TIME is a well-known weekly news magazine published in New York City.

Business News The Economist Business and finance.